The Brazilian Mário Pedrosa (Pernambuco, 1900 – Rio de Janeiro, 1981) was one of the most important Latin American thinkers of the 20th century. Pedrosa incarnates the paradigm of the public intellectual committed to the debate on the future of society in both cultural and political terms
Pedrosa’s artistic thought is based on an astute analysis of the psychology of form, of how the artist finds a formal language for self-expression, and how the viewer receives and processes that information. Pedrosa spoke of art as a “vital necessity”, a communicative impulse inherent to every human being. He therefore showed recognition and support for many different artistic expressions, ranging horizontally from social realism to the most rational abstraction or to the art of children and the mentally impaired. The title of his 1949 doctoral thesis, “On the affective nature of form in the work of art”, sums up his interest in affect and form.
The current exhibition is intended as a tribute to Mário Pedrosa through a selection of Brazilian and international art that responds to some of the artistic questions he addressed at different points in his intellectual production. The show embraces an open, plural and non-linear model of art history, regarding it not as a sequence of superimposed styles and languages but as a series of proposals for establishing an effective communication between artist and viewer. Among the artists included is Lygia Clark, whose collaged works on paper and bichos are on view.
Lygia Clark, Bicho Pássaro do Espaço (Maquette), 1960