Lygia Clark, Bicho (maquette), 1960

For a few vigorous decades in the mid-20th century, artists in the rapidly-growing cosmopolitan cities of Montevideo, Caracas, Buenos Aires, São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro were exploring concrete art. This exhibition highlights the period when concretism – and thus, the boundaries of art – were being examined.


The exhibition Concrete Matters also presents the emerging Brazilian neo-concretism. In the late-1950s, artists such as Lygia Clark, Lygia Pape and Helió Oiticica challenged the concept of the work of art as a static object.