Janet Cardiff was born in Brussels, Ontario, Canada, in 1957. George Bures Miller was born in Vegreville, Alberta, Canada in 1960. Cardiff and Miller live and work in Canada and Berlin, Germany and have been collaborating since 1995, although they also create solo works. The duo represented Canada at the Venice Biennale in 2001 with 'Paradise Institute' a multi-layered installation exploring cinematic experience through architectural and aural illusions. In 2002-3 a major survey of their works toured to PS1 Contemporary Art Center of the Museum of Modern Art in New York, The Musée d'Art Contemporain, Montreal, the Castello Rivoli in Turin and the Astrup Fearnley Museum of Modern Art, Oslo. In 2004 a smaller version of the exhibition was shown at the Whitechapel Art Gallery, London. In 2005 they produced an exhibition, "The Secret Hotel" for Kunsthaus Bregenz, Austria, a large percussive site work "Pandemonium" for the Eastern State Penitentiary in Philadelphia and a video walk, "Ghost Machine" for the Hebbel Theatre in Berlin. "The Killing Machine and Other Stories 1995-2007," a new survey of their work accompanied by a catalogue, has traveled to Museu d'Art Contemporani de Barcelona (MACBA), Barcelona, Spain, Institut Mathildenhöhe Darmstadt, Germany, and Miami Art Museum, Miami, Florida.
Audio and video walks by Cardiff have been mounted in numerous locations including the Hirshhorn Museum, Washington D.C., Central Park (Public Art Fund), New York and the Whitechapel Library, London (organized by Artangel) and for the 53rd Carnegie International at The Carnegie Museum of Art, Pittsburgh.